Resin Bound Driveways: Everything you need to know about Resin Bound Surfaces

Resin-bound Driveways have gained popularity throughout Ireland due to their versatility, aesthetics, and functional properties. They are used both in residential and commercial applications as an alternative to traditional paving options. In this post, we will discuss everything that you need to know about Resin Paving.

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    Resin bound driveway completed with granite cobbles steps walls and caps

    What is a resin bound surface?

    A resin-bound surface refers to a type of paving or flooring system that involves mixing natural aggregates (such as gravel, stones, or quartz) with a clear resin binder. The mixture is then spread or poured onto a prepared surface, creating a seamless and durable finish.

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    The process involves thoroughly coating the aggregates with the resin binder before laying them on the desired area. This creates a strong bond that holds the individual stones together, resulting in a solid, permeable surface. The resin-bound surface is often used for driveways, walkways, patios, and other outdoor areas.

    What is the process for installing a resin bound driveway?

    Installing a resin-bound driveway involves several steps to ensure a durable and attractive finish. Here is a general overview of the process we follow at Greystones Paving Contractors:

    • Preparation of the site/driveway:
      • Clear the existing surface of any vegetation, debris, or loose materials.
      • Ensure the substrate is stable, well-compacted, and free from any irregularities or defects.
    • Edging Installation:
      • Install edging around the perimeter of the area to contain the resin-bound mixture and prevent spreading.
    • Base Preparation:
      • If necessary, lay a suitable base material like MOT Type 1 or similar aggregates. This provides a stable foundation for the resin-bound surface.
    • Mixing Resin and Aggregates:
      • Mix the chosen aggregates with the clear resin binder in the correct ratio. This is typically done using a forced-action mixer to ensure thorough and consistent coating.
    • Application:
      • Spread the resin-bound mixture evenly over the prepared surface using a trowel or squeegee. Work the material into place to create a smooth and level finish.
    • Flattening and Smoothing:
      • Use hand tools or a power float to flatten and smooth the surface, ensuring an even distribution of aggregates and a consistent level.
    • Curing:
      • Allow the resin-bound surface to cure. The curing time may vary depending on the specific resin and environmental conditions. Typically we will advise to keep off the new driveway for 24-48 hours
    • Cleaning & Final Inspection:
      • Remove any excess or loose aggregate from the surface once the resin has sufficiently cured. During a final inspection, ensure that the surface is level, smooth and free from any defects.

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    Why is resin bound driveways so popular?

    Resin-bound driveways have gained popularity for several reasons, including their aesthetic appeal, durability, permeability, and ease of maintenance. Here are some key factors contributing to the popularity of resin-bound driveways:

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    Overall, the combination of aesthetic appeal, durability, permeability, and ease of maintenance makes resin-bound driveways an attractive option for many homeowners seeking a functional and visually appealing outdoor surface.

    The pros & cons of resin bound driveways

    Pros

    Aesthetics:

      • Resin bound driveways offer a wide range of aggregate colours, sizes, and textures, providing homeowners with flexibility in design. The clear resin binder allows the natural beauty of the aggregates to show through, creating an attractive and decorative finish that complements various home styles.
    • Durability:ย 
      • Resin bound surfaces are known for their strength and resilience. They can withstand heavy loads, such as vehicles, without cracking or breaking. This durability makes them a long-lasting option for driveways and other outdoor surfaces.
    • Permeability:
      • One of the significant advantages of resin-bound driveways is their permeability. The porous nature of the surface allows water to pass through, reducing the risk of surface water runoff and minimizing puddles. This can be particularly beneficial for Irish households.
    • Low Maintenance:
      • Resin-bound driveways are relatively low-maintenance. The smooth, non-porous surface resists weed growth, and it can be easily cleaned with simple methods like power washing. This makes it an attractive option for homeowners seeking a hassle-free outdoor flooring solution.
    • Safety:
      • The anti-slip properties of resin-bound surfaces enhance safety, especially in wet conditions. This feature is crucial for driveways, where slip resistance is important to prevent accidents.
    • Customization:
      • Homeowners can customize their resin-bound driveways to match their preferences and the overall design of their property. This customization extends to choosing the type of aggregates and their arrangement. You can get creative with different border styles too.
    • Quick Installation:
      • Compared to some traditional paving methods, resin-bound driveways can be installed relatively quickly. The process involves mixing the resin and aggregates and applying the mixture onto a prepared surface, which can expedite the installation timeline.

    The pros & cons of resin bound driveways

    Cons

    • Initial Cost:
      • The upfront cost of installing a resin-bound driveway can be higher compared to some traditional options. However, the long-term durability and low maintenance costs may offset this initial expense.
    • Curing Time:
      • The curing time for resin-bound surfaces can vary depending on factors such as the type of resin used and environmental conditions. It’s essential to allow sufficient curing time before regular use.
    • Limited DIY Options:
      • Although getting a resin bound driveway installed by a professional is a great option, Achieving a professional finish with a resin-bound driveway may be challenging for DIY enthusiasts. Professional expertise is often recommended for successful installation.
    • Surface Heat:
      • In very hot conditions, resin-bound surfaces can become warm to the touch. This may not be ideal for barefoot walking. Thankfully this wonโ€™t be an issue here in Ireland!
    • Potential for Discoloration:
      • Over time, some resin-bound surfaces may experience slight discoloration due to factors such as exposure to sunlight and environmental conditions.

    It’s important for homeowners to carefully weigh these pros and cons based on their specific needs and preferences before choosing a resin bound driveway. Consulting with a professional installer such as Greystones Paving can provide valuable insights and guidance.

    What is the cost of artificial grass installation?

    The cost of artificial grass can vary depending on several factors, including the quality of the product, the size of the area to be covered, and the complexity of the installation/groundwork. Here are some cost considerations when it comes to installing an artificial lawn:

    1. Material cost: Artificial grass is typically priced per square foot or square meter. The cost per square unit depends on the quality, brand, and specifications of the turf. Higher-quality products generally will to be more expensive.

    2. Installation cost: The cost of installing an artificial lawn involves several factors, such as ground preparation, labor, and additional materials like base materials, adhesives, and infill. Installation costs can vary significantly depending on the complexity of the project and any specific requirements.ย 

    3. Additional costs: Depending on the project, there may be additional costs to consider. This can include removing existing vegetation, soil excavation, drainage system installation, edging materials, or any customization requests.

    Here at Greystones Paving we are happy to provide a free consultation & personal quote for your artificial lawn installation. We will be delighted to answer any questions that you might have beforehand to help you make a decision what you want for your perfect garden.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Resin Bound Driveways are a fantastic option for Irish homes. They feel great underfoot and are durable for motor vehicles to park. As well as that, resin bound surfaces are permeable which means that any rain water will seep through and not leave puddles

    Yes, resin bound surfaces are suitable for many different areas such as walkways, driveways, and patios. Because they are permeable, durable and feel great underfoot, they can even be used in commercial spaces such as bars, cafes and restaurants.

    During installation of a resin bound driveway, you will not be able to park cars on it. You will however continue to have access the house and our experienced team will do everything possible to minimise interference for you. We will also clean everything as we go to ensure safe access to your home.

    Determining a precise cost per square meter for resin driveways proves challenging due to the unique considerations and specifications inherent to each project. In a general sense, however, project expenses typically start at around 80 euros per square meter and increase based on factors like the area's size, existing subbase, and the type of aggregate selected. This cost specifically covers the supply and installation of the resin and chip (aggregate stone mix), excluding additional elements such as the subbase (tarmac or concrete), drainage, and edging/kerbing, which are considered extra expenses.

    The ultimate cost of a resin-bound driveway hinges on various factors, including the following questions:

    • What is the size of the area?
    • What level of traffic is anticipated, as this determines the necessary depth?
    • What is the current surface material?
    • Is there a need for edging/drainage installation on the site?

    For an UV stable resin overlay applied at 18mm, approximate costs per square meter are as follows:

    • 0-50 sqm: 85 euros
    • 50-150 sqm: 75 euros
    • 150+ sqm: 70 euros

    The time it takes to install a resin-bound driveway can vary depending on several factors, including the size of the area, the complexity of the project, and environmental conditions. Here is a general timeline for the installation of a resin-bound driveway:

    • Site Preparation (1-2 days):
      • Clearing the site of vegetation, debris, and any existing materials.
      • Excavating or preparing the substrate to create a stable base.
    • Edging Installation (1 day):
      • Installing edging around the perimeter of the driveway to contain the resin-bound mixture.
    • Base Preparation (1-2 days):
      • If needed, laying a suitable base material like MOT Type 1 or similar aggregates and compacting it for stability.
    • Priming (if required) and Mixing (1 day):
      • Applying a primer to the prepared surface if recommended by the resin manufacturer.
      • Mixing the resin and aggregates to create the resin-bound mixture.
    • Application (1-2 days):
      • Spreading the resin-bound mixture evenly over the prepared surface.
      • Using tools to flatten and smooth the surface, ensuring an even distribution of aggregates.
    • Curing (1-2 days or more):
      • Allowing the resin-bound surface to cure. The curing time may vary depending on the specific resin used and environmental conditions.
    • Cleaning and Final Inspection (1 day):
      • Removing any excess or loose aggregates from the surface.
      • Conducting a final inspection to ensure the surface is level, smooth, and free from defects.

    The total time for a resin-bound driveway installation can range from several days to a couple of weeks, depending on the size of the project and any specific requirements. It's important to follow the manufacturer's guidelines for curing times and other recommendations to ensure the longevity and performance of the resin-bound surface. Additionally, weather conditions can influence the installation timeline, as extreme temperatures or wet weather may affect the curing process.

    Get a Free Quote

    Contact us for a free, no obligation quote for your new garden or driveway. We won’t be beaten for price, quality or service.

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